PSLE 2025 English Exam: Syllabus and Score Weightage Changes

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As Singapore advances into the future, education is no exception. The Ministry of Education (MOE) has taken a groundbreaking step in revolutionising the PSLE 2025 English examination. This change pivots towards a more holistic approach to language proficiency, focusing not only on linguistic competence, but also socio-cultural and pragmatic understanding. The weightage for the oral component has been significantly increased, underscoring the importance of effective real-world communication skills.  

Increased Focus on Oral Component

The PSLE 2025 English examination introduces a heightened focus on the Oral component, now accounting for a substantial 40 marks, compared to the previous 30 marks. This shift reflects the Ministry of Education’s (MOE) dedication to nurturing effective verbal expression. 

Students will be assessed not just on their ability to articulate but also on their capacity to engage in real-world communication scenarios.

The assessment now consists of two main components:

  • Reading Aloud (15 marks): This segment evaluates a student’s ability to read a passage fluently and expressively, demonstrating good pronunciation and intonation.
  • Stimulus-Based Conversation (25 marks): In this section, students engage in a conversation based on a given stimulus. They are assessed on their ability to respond appropriately, demonstrate critical thinking and express themselves clearly and coherently.

Tactics for Oral Mastery

To excel in the revised PSLE 2025 English examination’s Oral component, students should focus on two key areas: reading aloud and stimulus-based conversation. 

For the reading aloud segment, students should practise fluency, expressive reading, and proper pronunciation and intonation. They can achieve this by reading a variety of texts out loud, such as storybooks, news articles, or speeches, paying attention to using the appropriate tone and rhythm. 

They should also pay attention to PACT – Purpose, Audience, Context and Tone when practising. For example, if the preamble given is to deliver a speech to the whole school to encourage all students to participate in a recycling programme, then the purpose is to encourage recycling, the audience is the whole school, the context is formal and the tone persuasive. In the stimulus-based conversation section, students should enhance their ability to respond appropriately, think critically, and express themselves clearly and coherently. 

To develop these skills, parents can engage their children in meaningful conversations on various topics, encouraging them to express their opinions and provide supporting evidence. They can also expose their children to different stimuli, such as short newspaper articles, videos, or podcasts, and discuss them together to improve their critical thinking and communication skills. 

By actively participating and supporting their children’s learning journey, parents can play a vital role in helping them master the oral component of the exam.

Paper 1: Composition & Situational Writing

Composition (36 marks)

The Continuous Writing component, also known as Composition, carries a weightage of 36 marks instead of 40, emphasising creativity, coherence and grammatical accuracy. Compositions should contain at least 150 words in continuous prose on a given topic. .

Situational Writing (14 marks)

The marks allocated for this section have been adjusted to 14, down from 15. Additionally, there is a new requirement for students to address a bulleted key content point, encouraging them to offer their own ideas. This change is intended to assess students’ ability to think creatively and apply their knowledge in practical contexts.

Paper 2: Revised Weightage and Components

The PSLE 2025 English examination sees adjustments in the weightage of English Paper 2, which now carries 90 marks instead of the previous 95 marks.

The mark changes are reflected in:

  • Visual Text Comprehension – from 8 to 5 marks
  • Editing for Spelling and Grammar – from 12 to 10 marks. 

No changes have been made to the remaining segments of Paper 2. The 10 marks deducted from Papers 1 and 2 have been reallocated to Paper 4 – Oracy, reflecting a shift towards emphasising oral skills. These adjustments aim to balance the examination structure by placing greater emphasis on critical thinking and inferential skills, ensuring a more comprehensive evaluation of students’ English language proficiency.

Listening Comprehension

With regard to Reading & Listening Comprehension Skills in the PSLE 2025 English examination, the weightage for the Listening Comprehension (LC) component remains at 20 marks. While this component continues to be crucial, there has been a redistribution of marks across different components. 

Students are required to not only comprehend spoken language but also demonstrate critical listening skills, in line with the overarching goals of language education.

For more detailed information on the changes and strategies for preparation, you can refer to the official SEAB website, Ministry of Education (MOE) and other educational resources​.

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Strategies for Mastering the New Syllabus

To master the new syllabus of the PSLE 2025 English examination, students can employ the following strategies. Firstly, for the heightened focus on the Oral component, students should engage in regular discussions, presentations, and debates to improve their fluency, pronunciation, and articulation skills. They should also actively listen to diverse spoken materials to expand their comprehension and respond effectively in various communication scenarios. 

Secondly, for the revised weightage and components of English Paper 2, students should focus on enhancing their reading and listening comprehension skills. They should practise thorough reading and develop critical listening skills to comprehend spoken language and demonstrate a deeper understanding. 

Additionally, they should pay attention to the different components of Paper 2, such as comprehension open-ended, comprehension cloze, vocabulary, and grammar, to ensure a holistic evaluation of their English language proficiency.

Parents as Learning Facilitators

As always, parents play a significant role in their children’s PSLE preparation. Foster a language-rich environment at home by providing access to a wide range of reading materials, such as books, newspapers, and magazines. Encourage your children to read aloud, discuss what they have read, and explore different genres and topics. Additionally, engaging in conversations with children regularly and encouraging them to express their thoughts and ideas help develop their communication skills.

When children practise reading aloud or engage in conversations, parents can provide constructive feedback. They can highlight areas for improvement, such as pronunciation, intonation, or clarity of expression, and offer specific suggestions for enhancement. Encouragement and positive reinforcement are equally important to boost their confidence and motivation.

Prepare for the PSLE 2025 English Exam with Jan & Elly

Mother and son reading

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To help students better prepare for the PSLE 2025 English examination, you can consider enrolling your children in enrichment programs offered by Jan & Elly. Jan & Elly’s English Enrichment Class for Primary students is designed to complement the regular school curriculum and provide targeted preparation for the PSLE. 

The program is split into two sections: English Made Possible Foundation for ages 7-8, where children grasp fundamental English techniques with a focus on grammar, vocabulary, comprehension, and writing skills; and English Made Possible for ages 9-12, which continues to develop advanced grammar and vocabulary skills, while aligning closely with the PSLE requirements.

With a keen focus on the PSLE English Paper 1 and Paper 2, Jan & Elly’s enrichment classes ensure students are well-equipped in areas such as comprehension, grammar, composition, punctuation, and vocabulary. Teachers work extensively to develop the skills required for the PSLE, including writing clearly and effectively, using correct expressions and tones in different contexts, generating and expressing ideas, applying correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation, using vocabulary accurately and precisely, and reading and understanding a wide range of texts.

By enrolling in these enrichment classes, students can gain valuable practice, build confidence, and receive targeted guidance to excel in the PSLE 2025 English examination. Give your child a head start in school and ensure they are feeling confident when it’s time to complete the PSLE by booking a trial class with Jan & Elly today!

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